Primary Terminal Examinations
Record 97pc pass
Over 1 lakh kids get GPA-5
Wasim Bin Habib
Primary education appears to have got a significant boost. This year, 97.26 percent examinees passed the primary education terminal tests, hitting a record high since the introduction of the examination in 2009.
The pass rate rose by 4.92 percentage points from last year’s 92.34 percent. It was 88.84 percent in 2009.
The results published yesterday show a total of 21,25,869 students — 9,75,529 boys and 11,50,340 girls — passing the examination. The number of students who failed the tests came down to 59,879 from 1,48,680 of last year.
The pass rate of ebtedayee (primary level of madrasa education) examinations is 91.28 percent.
Competitiveness of students, their awareness of issues related to exams and studies, better care by guardians and teachers, free textbook distribution, and training programmes for teachers are behind the success, say officials, teachers and educationists.
Awarding certificates to successful students, stipends and increased monitoring and evaluation also contributed to better results, they added.
“Learning from the past, we gave our best to make teachers more active by training them and giving them other facilities,” Shyamol Kanti Ghosh, director general, Directorate of Primary Education, told The Daily Star.
This year, he said, the teacher-student ratio was brought down to 1:46 from 1:56 to provide more attention for each child throughout the learning process.
“The rise in the pass rate indicates teachers are more available in classrooms and they are giving more time to students. The government initiative to reduce the teacher-student ratio has worked,” said Rasheda K Choudhury, executive director of Campaign for Popular Education.
The pass rate shooting up every year proves that students can do well if they get proper facilities and care, she told The Daily Star.
Rasheda K Choudhury, however, emphasised the need for quality primary education.
This year, a total of 23,16,521 students from 87,832 schools registered for the exams, of whom 21,85,747 showed up in the exam halls.
The examinations began on November 23 and ended on November 30. Students of class-V must qualify at the terminal exams to enrol in class-VI.
Across the country yesterday, jubilant students and parents, who had been suffering from nerves for the last couple of days, brought a festive mood into the atmosphere as soon the results were out.
Replacing the division system, this year’s results were in grades in conformity with other public exams. So the government did not publish any merit list.
A total of 1,05,673 students or 4.97 percent of the total number passed, getting GPA-5, the highest grade point average.
Boys are ahead of girls in terms of success although the number of girls who sat for the exams was higher than boys. The pass percentage of boys and girls this year stands at 97.48 and 97.08, in that order.
Girls, however, outshone the boys in achieving the highest score with some 56,539 girls scoring GPA-5. A total of 49,134 boys got the distinction.
The top 20 schools include 17 from the capital, based on the number of registered students and GPA-5 holders, pass and absent rates. The remaining three — from Comilla, Chittagong and Khulna — secured seventh, 14th and 18th positions.
Monipur High School at Mirpur has emerged as the best in the country while Viqarunnisa Noon School and College and Motijheel Ideal School and College secured second and third positions.
This is for the third time that primary terminal examinations have been held and students were more confident and serious, Farhad Hossain, principal of Monipur High School, told The Daily Star.
Active participation of teachers is also a factor behind such an accomplishment, he observed.
Manju Ara Begum, acting principal of Viqarunnisa Noon School and College, gave credit to the government for distributing new textbooks among students on the very first day of the academic year.
“Students get excited after getting new books on the very first day, and of course, they become enthusiastic and attentive to studies.”
Both students and guardians become encouraged when the children get certificates at the very first stage of their education, she also said.
Primary and Mass Education Minister Afsarul Ameen briefed newsmen yesterday at 3:05pm at his secretariat office about the results, which had been formally handed over to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at 10:00am.
The minister said there were no grace marks for students this year.
Asked about schools with zero pass rates, Ameen said although the number of government schools with no success has dropped, the authorities would look into the matter.
DG Shyamol Kanti of DPE said the majority of the failed students had flunked mathematics but students’ performance in the subject was developing every year. Around 98 percent passed in maths this year, 95 percent last year and 90 percent in 2009.
He also said the students would be provided with their certificates in January and scholarships would be announced by February 15.
Scholarships falling into talent pool and general categories will be equally distributed to male and female students.
The number of schools with cent percent pass rate this year is 68,629 while the number of institutions with zero success came down to 371.
Schools affiliated with Primary Training Institute (PTI) and those run by Brac, a non-government organisation, did well with over 99 percent pass rate while Ananda schools, which are under a government project, ranked the lowest.
As in the previous year, Barisal came out on top among all seven divisions with 99.05 percent success rate while Sylhet was at the bottom taking 90.59 percent. Dhaka bagged third position with over 98 percent pass rate.
Munshiganj got 99.89 percent, leaving 63 other districts behind.
At the upazila level, 32 upazilas saw cent percent pass. Baniachang upazila of Habiganj, however, had the lowest — 71.68 percent.