Concerted bid to increase biogas plants in Rangpur
RANGPUR, Feb 5: Infrastructure Development Company Ltd (IDCOL), German Technical Co-operation (GTC) and Grameen Shakti have expedited activities to increase the number of biogas plants for renewable energy in eight districts in Rangpur division.
IDCOL, a Government owned investment company fixed a target to set up 37,669 biogas plants in Bangladesh by 2012, under its National Domestic Biogas and Manure programme (NDBMP). It has also set a target of 25 per cent of the total target of biogas plants in the northern region which is yet to be brought under the national gas grid.
Nazmul Haque Foysal, senior programme manager of IDCOL said that both IDCOL and GTC in collaboration with their partner organisations are setting up the biogas plants in the eight northern districts.
Foysal also said Grameen Shakti is a major partner of IDCOL which set up 1,652 biogas plants in the eight northern districts since 2006. Each of these plants is capable of producing 1.6 to 4.8 cubic meters of biogas.
The construction of a biogas plants that can produce 1.6 cubic meters to 4.8 cubic meters of biogas costs about Tk 25,000. IDCOL donates Tk 9,000 for each plant. The beneficiary bears 25 per cent of the total cost. The partner NGO that helps in construction spends the rest of the money. As per contract, the beneficiary will have to refund the money taken from the NGO in installments.
Grameen Shakti Rangpur Divisional Manager Delwar Hossain said Grameen Shakti aims to set up 100 biogas plants every month in the region.
“We set up 350 large biogas plants that are capable of producing 6 cubic meters to 30 cubic meters of biogas. This is Grameen Shakti’s own model. Grameen Shakti and the user themselves funded construction of the plants.”
There is a biogas plant constructed by Grameen Shakti at Parbotipur market, he said. Using biogas from the plants, Parbotipur municipality produces electricity that is being supplied to eight shops in the market.
Hossain said, “Wastage from the market, including blood from the slaughter houses and chicken left outs are dumped in a chamber. These are used to produce biogas to operate the generators.”
Parbotipur Municipality Mayor Minhajul Islam said eight shopkeepers in the market do not have to worry about electricity as they can use biogas to run the generator continuously.
Eight big biogas plants in Lalmonirhat district each of which also produces 30 cubic meters of biogas from these plants are producing electricity, said Hossain.
Nurul Islam of Mohendranager in Lalmonirhat Sadar Upazila said he constructed 8 biogas plants by using the litter from his poultry farm that has 62,000 birds. Using the biogas, he runs a generator to light the poultry shed. The workers of the poultry farm cook food by lighting a fire from biogas he added.
Foysal of IDCOL said reduction of workloads, especially for women; improvement of health and sanitation conditions; increase in agriculture production with proper utilisation of slurry, employment generation, protection of conventional fuel sources and reduction of greenhouse emission are also their objectives.
Programme Officer of GTC said, “GTC generally gives support for construction of big biogas plants”. We are yet to construct any in the northern district but we have contract with Kazi and Kazi of Thakurgaon to construct a big biogas plant.The objective of the programme is to further develop and disseminate biogas plants with the ultimate goal to establish a sustainable and commercial biogas sector in Bangladesh.’
GTC through its partner organisation, has been trying to increase the number of biogas plants of 6 cubic meters each since 2005 across Bangladesh.